History of the Vacuum Cleaner

History of the Vacuum Cleaner

The vacuum cleaner was created primarily to make the act of cleaning less tedious. While vacuum cleaners aren’t a new invention, the vacuum cleaners from the 1910s will clean your carpet just as well as the vacuums of today. However, the history of vacuums doesn’t start with vacuums. It begins with the broom.


The History of the Vacuum Cleaner

Archaeologists have found examples of the broom dating back to 2300 BC, but the broom we know today wasn’t perfected until 1797 when a farmer noticed his wife struggling with her broom. This farmer created a broom from sorghum, a grain used as livestock feed, and it proved to be the perfect solution to his wife’s problem.

Soon enough, people were ready for something that was even less tedious than sweeping. They were ready for something that was more technologically advanced, and some ambitious English inventors patented mechanical sweepers that clean streets, floors, and carpets. They worked with a system of pulleys and cranks that rotated the brush and pulled dirt into the body of the machine. Unfortunately, these tools weren’t much better than the broom.

The first official patent for a carpet sweeper in America was created in 1858 by Hiram Herrick, and it was basically a rolling broom and dustpan. For the next two years, other inventors attempted to improve the design, but it was mostly a failed project until Daniel Hess. Hess did only one thing to enhance vacuum, and that was adding air. The patent for this invention states that the process includes drawing fine dust and dirt through the machine by drafts of air. The problem was this machine was still manually operated, and it limited its ability to do anything. However, this was just the beginning.

Even with the addition of air, the vacuum failed to catch on until electricity was introduced. In 1907, a janitor by the name of James Murray Spangler revolutionized the vacuum cleaner. He combined a broom, a pillowcase, and an electric motor, made it upright, and created the vacuum we know today.

The vacuum has evolved quite a bit from Spangler’s revolutionary change, and now we have variety of uprights, canisters, handhelds, and more, but we would have none of these things without these initial inventors. The most recent development in the vacuum world is the ZeroG floating vacuum. It is a lightweight vacuum that easily floats across a variety of surfaces and has superior dirt extraction. It is unrivaled in how it picks up pet hair and cleans upholstery until it looks like new. Here is what one satisfied customer had to say about it:

“I just filled the ZeroG demo bag after using the Dyson! I have 2 dogs and a cat. I have carpet, tile and carpeted stairs. This vacuum is amazing. The suction is like nothing I’ve had before (Hoover, Miele & Dyson). But the best thing about it is that the air coming back out of the vacuum has nearly zero dust particles going back into the air. I did a ton of research and I’m so glad I happened upon this vacuum!”


Find out more about the ZeroG and its modern capabilities here.

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